Foyers. Genre et énergies dans l’espace domestique 19e-21e s.

Articles

Foyers domestiques, genre et énergies : enjeux et perspectives

Université Paris 1 Panthéon- Sorbonne
charles-francois.mathis[at]univ-paris1.fr

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CNRS, UMR Sirice

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Sorbonne Université, UMR Sirice
jpwilliot[at]wanadoo.fr


En croisant deux historiographies qui, à quelques exceptions près, s’étaient un peu ignorées – celles de l’histoire du genre et de l’histoire de l’énergie -, cet article introductif au numéro spécial « Foyers. Genre et énergies dans l’espace domestiques, 19e- 21e siècles »…

Making Coal Sharp: Gendered Consumers and Users of Mineral Fuel in the 19th Century United States

Department of History University of Florida
spadams[at]ufl.edu
@energypast


At the same time that urban American hearths and kitchens became dependent upon coal, proscriptive accounts of gendered domesticity grew in popularity. Buying coal was a man’s world, full of sharp dealings, underhanded sellers, and cutthroat competition. Using coal, on the other hand, was women’…

Networks of power? Rethinking class, gender and entrepreneurship in English electrification, 1880-1924

School of Philosophy, Religion and the History of Science, University of Leeds, UK.
g.j.n.gooday[at]leeds.ac.uk

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School of Fine Art, History of Art and Cultural Studies, University of Leeds, UK.
a.l.moore[at]leeds.ac.uk


Traditional energy histories have treated electrification as an inevitability: the assumption has been that making cheap energy supply readily available for the masses required the energy efficiency uniquely attainable by large-scale networked electricity grids. While our account does not…

Commercial strategies to promote domestic gas and electricity consumption, and the role of women (Lisbon, 1891-1970s)

Universidade de Évora- CIDEHUS
anamariacmatos[at]gmail.com

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Universidad Nacional de Rosario
die.bussola[at]gmail.com


By the 1870s the gas industry had no competitors for lighting, turning it into a near monopoly. However, by the 1880s the possibility of using electricity for street lighting changed the equation and the threat for gas industry was huge. This new promising competitor caused some people to…

Electricity and the Changing Contours of Masculinity in Los Angeles, 1900–1930

Department of History, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
jan-eric.hansen[at]geschichte.hu-berlin.de


L’électrification des foyers à Los Angeles ouvre une fenêtre pour l’étude du changement des contours de la masculinité entre 1900 et 1930. En examinant le matériel publicitaire des deux principales compagnies d’électricité de Los Angeles (la Southern California Edison Company et le Bureau…

What a housewife should know: popularising electric devices in the Barcelona of the nineteen-thirties

Independent scholar
jferranboleda[at]gmail.com


Dans les pays développés, l’électrification des foyers a été une étape de la modernisation, aboutissant dès le début des années 1930 à une présence de l’électricité dans tous les domaines de la vie quotidienne. Dans le cas de l’Espagne, ce ne fut toutefois pas le cas avant la fin des années 1950…

Relieving the Housewife: Gender and the Promise of Geothermal District Heating in Reykjavík, 1930s–1970s

Maastricht University
o.melsted[at]maastrichtuniversity.nl
twitter : @odinnmelsted


Between 1939 and 1944, the City of Reykjavík in Iceland built a geothermal district heating utility that enabled the inhabitants to transition from coal to geothermal heating. One of the promises that geothermal proponents made to the inhabitants was that the utility would relieve the housewives…

The uptake of new domestic energy technology in the 1950s-1960s: how women got involved in France and the Netherlands

University of Twente
m.h.feenstra[at]Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE) rachel.guyet@cife.euutwente.nl
@energyfeminist

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Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)
rachel.guyet[at]cife.eu


L’accès à des services énergétiques propres et abordables est une préoccupation mondiale, comme le stipulent les conventions internationales. Au sein des ménages, il est possible d’identifier des intérêts et des besoins énergétiques distincts entre hommes et femmes. Dans la perspective d’une…

The breakthrough of the 21 degrees culture in Denmark. Undoing and doing gender in Danish home making after 1945

Aalborg University, Denmark
Rudiger[at]dps.aau.dk
Twitter: @MogensRudiger


The energizing of Danish homes after World War II introduced a new heating culture, which paved the way for new lifestyles. Modernist architects tried to implement the dwelling as an ‘objective’ or non-gendered space – in contrast to the Victorian home - or at least they pursued the possibility…