Lumière(s) et obscurité(s) : des relations historiques changeantes

Articles

Light(s) and Darkness(es): Looking Back, Looking Forward

Maître de conférences, Université Bordeaux-Montaigne

stephanie.legallic@orange.fr

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Associate Professor, Department of Science & Technology Studies, Cornell University

sbp65@cornell.edu

Twitter: @SaraBPritchard


In this special issue, we argue that light(s) and darkness(es) should be understood in their multiplicity, and that they constitute two aspects of the same phenomenon. They should, therefore, be studied in relation to each other. The complex dynamics of light and dark are more integral to the…

L’organisation de l’espace et du temps au Quartier Mu de Malia (Crète, âge du Bronze, 3200 – 1100 av. J.-C.), à la lumière des lampes

Doctorant, Arscan, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne


Le développement de la réalité virtuelle a permis, ces dernières décennies, de proposer des reconstitutions réalistes d’éclairage dans les édifices de l’âge du Bronze en Méditerranée orientale et dans le bassin égéen. Lumière et obscurité ont toutefois été étudiées…

Jeux de lumières et d’obscurités de la lanterne publique : entre renforcements sécuritaires, extinctions par économie et limites des innovations techniques (Paris, Barcelone, 18e siècle)

Docteur en histoire, Centre Alexandre Koyré / EHESS Paris


Le décalage entre l’idéal policier moderne d'une appréhension homogène – « géométrique » – du tissu urbain grâce à l'éclairage et la réalité de la persistance de zones d'obscurité est particulièrement perceptible pendant les périodes de trouble à l'ordre public. À Paris comme à Barcelone, les…

Contested Nightscapes: Illuminating Colonial Bombay

Department of History and European Ethnology, University of Innsbruck (Austria)


In the British Raj, colonial lighting oscillated between “Tool of Empire” and everyday technology. While the British used modern lighting to visualize power and accentuate social differences, it was also a contested object of appropriation and protest. In fact, both colonial light and darkness…

Apprivoiser l’obscurité : un nouveau programme pour l’architecture des salles de cinéma parisiennes entre 1914 et 1921

LRA – laboratoire d’architecture de Toulouse
mathilde.thouron[at]toulouse.archi.fr


La révolution industrielle et ses avancées techniques de l’époque contemporaine favorisèrent dès le 19e s. une incorporation massive du verre dans les constructions architecturales, ce qui permit

What is French about the “French fear of darkness”? The co-production of imagined communities of light and energy

Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ


This essay takes expert assumptions about light preferences as a starting point for a historical inquiry into what I call imagined sociotechnical communities of light and energy. My argument is that historical energy supply systems produced these imaginaries and vice versa, shifting the scales…

Bargaining Electric Power: Miners, Blackouts, and the Politics of Illumination in the United States, 1965-1979

Postdoctoral Social Sciences Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago
kahle@uchicago.edu 
Twitter: @trishkahle  


This article examines how the perils conjured by blackouts in American cities after 1965 became interpreted as a key point of political and bargaining leverage for the nation’s coal miners. The anxieties provoked by these blackouts –sexual deviance, urban unrest, spoiled food, lost productivity…

Dark Futures: the loss of night in the contemporary city?

ImaginationLancaster, Lancaster University

nick.dunn@lancaster.ac.uk


The artificial but widely held binary conceptions of day versus night find themselves condensed in cities where strategies to recalibrate the nocturnal urban landscape are abundant. This transformation requires considerable energies and technologies to facilitate illumination. The night-time…

Epilogue. Field Notes from the End of the World: Light, Darkness, Energy, and Endscape in Polar Night

Department of Science & Technology Studies, Cornell University

sbp65@cornell.edu

Twitter: @SaraBPritchard


This personal essay describes light(s) and darkness(es) in Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway) during polar night in January 2019. Drawing on autoethnographic methods, I also seek to describe how I experienced the remarkable…