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The articles in the “Panorama” section take a big-picture perspective. They take the risk of offering syntheses by favoring a longue durée approach toward the relations of co-construction between a territory (a country, region, city) and energy. 

The False Start of Solar Energy in West Africa, 1960-1987

From 1960 onward, solar energy developed in a context of innovation and structured scientific policy in Senegal, Mali, and Niger. The crises of the early 1970s brought new actors to the region, as well as technological competition between thermodynamic and photovoltaic solar energy.